The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) is a conservative political party in Nigeria. Its policies generally lie towards the Centre-right of the political spectrum.
Official site: http://www.peoplesdemocraticparty.net
Motto: "JUSTICE, UNITY AND PROGRESS"
Slogan: "PDP - POWER TO THE PEOPLE"
“To build and sustain a nation with a vibrant economy designed to serve the people's interest, in which good governance, market forces and transparent institutuions combine to enthrone a free and democratic society that will guarantee equity, justice and equal opportunity for all citizens.”
a) Promote sustainable development through the provision of sound education, basic health care, food security, rapid industrial growth, adequate housing, full employment and the improvement of infrastructure and basic services;
b) Promote federalism and an equitable revenue sharing formula;
c) Promote the security of life, and property, and enhance family values;
d) Promote self-respect, self-reliance and human dignity;
e) Uphold the integrity and sovereignty of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as one united indivisible political entity;
f) Promote national integration and the peaceful co-existence of the diverse communities of our country;
g) Promote an egalitarian society founded on freedom, equality and justice;
h) Uphold the independence of the judiciary and the fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria;
i) Promote learning and research in science and technology and the arts;
j) Assist in the just resolution of local and international disputes;
k) Support the struggle for the rights of children and the physically challenged;
I) Advance the political, social, educational and economic interests of its members and act as the channel of communication between them, the government and other political parties or associations.
The Party pursues these objectives by:
(a) Ensuring that the programmes of the Party, as contained in its manifesto, conform with the fundamental objectives and directive principles of State Policy enshrined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria;
(b) Promoting mutual respect for and understanding of the religious and cultural diversity of Nigeria;
(c) Adhering to the policy of the rotation and zoning of party and public elective offices in pursuance of the principle of equity, justice and fairness;
(d) Striving towards African unity and fostering greater understanding and cohesion among all peoples of African descent;
(e) Co-operating with African and other nationalist movements and organizations working for the eradication of imperialism, neo-colonialism and racism;
(f) Co-operating with member nations in promoting the aims of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union (AU), the Commonwealth of Nations, the United Nations Organizations (UNO) and other international and regional groups;
(g) Undertaking such other activities as, in the opinion of the Party, may promote the attainment of the stated aims and objectives of the Party.
Histoy of PDP:
The People’s Democratic Party was founded in 1998 following the government’s announcement that democratic elections would be held the following year, ending 16 years of military rule. Since 1978 political parties in Nigeria have been required to represent national rather than regional or ethnic constituencies. For the 1999 elections, the PDP, the All People’s Party, and the Alliance for Democracy met this legal requirement by having active offices in 24 out of 36 states. The PDP was founded by Alex Ekwueme, a former vice president of the country (1979–83), and Jerry Gana, elected vice president of Nigeria in 1999.
The party had a broad membership drawn from traditional chiefs, academics, and businessmen and proved especially popular with the army, as some 100 retired senior officers joined, including Olusegun Obasanjo, a former military leader of Nigeria (1976–79). Under his guidance the PDP quickly became the country’s dominant party, although the All People’s Party and the Alliance for Democracy united in an unsuccessful attempt to overtake it. The party, which has a broad political base, supports economic deregulation, human rights, and greater funding for health care and education, among other goals.
In the 1999 elections the PDP won a majority of seats in the legislature and Obasanjo was elected president. In the 2003 elections the party maintained a legislative majority and Obasanjo was reelected president. The PDP had an unofficial policy of rotating the presidency between candidates from the predominantly Christian south and the predominantly Muslim north. In 2007 the party’s candidate was Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, a Muslim and the governor of the northern state of Katsina. The vice presidential candidate was Goodluck Jonathan, a Christian and the governor of the southern state of Bayelsa. Yar’Adua was declared the winner of the 2007 presidential election, although international observers strongly condemned the election as being marred by voting irregularities and fraud.
In 2010 power shifted unexpectedly to Jonathan, who assumed the role of acting president in February after Yar’Adua fell ill; he was sworn in to the presidency following Yar’Adua’s death in May. Jonathan’s announcement in September about his intention to run in the 2011 presidential election generated much controversy leading into the PDP’s presidential primaries, held in January 2011. However, his overwhelming victory over his closest challenger, northerner and former vice president Atiku Abubakar, showed that Jonathan had considerable support, even in several of the northern states and in spite of the fact that his candidacy would be a deviation from the party’s unofficial rotation policy. Jonathan was victorious in the country’s 2011 presidential election, which was deemed largely free and fair by international observers.