Nollywood is a term which defines the Nigerian movie industry. This branch began developing in the 1990-s and now became the second in the world according to the amount of released films after the Indian Bollywood. Nigerian film industry doesn't have a long history. The first film released in Nigeria was in the early 1960-s. The production cost a lot and the process had to undergo continuous decline. Now the movie industry is highly developed and the profit of releasing films is estimated at 250 million dollars annually. Every year about 200 new films appear in Nigeria and most of them attract people’s attention and become popular. Nollywood news is interesting not only for the Nigerian people but also for the European and American film lovers.
In Africa Nollywood is the largest films' producer, according to the amount of released films and to the total income. Besides, Nigeria is considered as one of the most criminal countries in the world therefore there is no necessity there to think of a scenario – they can be taken from real life. Titles of Nigerian films depict this fact – e.g. “Bloody river”, “Political prostitute” and others. Nollywood news and gossip are interesting for spectators, therefore a lot of actors obtain great popularity playing parts in the Nigerian films. A famous Nollywood director Silvestre Obadiege says that the integral part of each film must be happy end. Life in Nigeria is quite dangerous and full of explosions, terrorist acts, murders, therefore films are giving hope to people, relax them. Movies without a happy end in most cases fail, because people need a break from evil and hopeless life.
Nigerian film industry includes about 20 000 and it is amazing index which is still increasing. Nollywood actors obtain a huge salary (about 10 000 dollars per month, and for Nigeria it’s just good), but they are also working hard – from sunrise till midnight. Nollywood releases 15-20 films every week and the production doesn’t cost a lot, but brings millions. Most films are being created in English, but there are a lot of Nigerian films in Yoruba and other native languages. One of features of Nollywood production is a strict border between positive and negative characters.