Civil rights icon Rosa Parks would have been 100 Feb. 4, 2013.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.
Parks' act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation.
She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in town who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement.
Although widely honored in later years, she also suffered for her act; she was fired from her job as a seamstress in a local department store.
From 1965 to 1988 she served as secretary and receptionist to John Conyers, an African-American U.S. Representative.
After retirement, Parks wrote her autobiography, and lived a largely private life in Detroit.
Parks received national recognition and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman and second non-U.S. government official to lie in honor at the Capitol Rotunda.
Below are the curious facts about the life of this hero of a woman.