The report, titled “Curbing Violence in Nige-ria (I): The Jos Crisis,” attributed the crisis to government’s “failure to amend the constitution to privilege broad-based citizenship over exclusive indigene status and ensure that residency rather than indigeneity determines citizens’ rights.”
It said 4,000 people have been killed in several episodes of violence involving Berom/Anaguta/Afizere (BAA) group and the rival Hausa-Fulani communities and warned that more suffering would be expected if nothing is done to address the root causes of the tragedy.
It said the amendment should also be accom-panied by immediate steps to identify and prosecute perpetrators of violence in Jos and other parts of the country.
“Elites at local, state and federal level must also consistently implement policies aimed at reducing the dangerous link between ethnic belonging and access to resources, power and security if intercommunal violence is to end,” the group said.
The report also called on the state govern-ment to take measures against discrimination in education and employment opportunities between indigenes and settlers, following the example of Sokoto State.
“At the state level, the current Plateau govern-ment should change its approach. It can no longer carry on as if it is in power to serve only indigenous communities. It should not wait for national constitutional reform before abolishing discriminatory policies on education and employment between indigenes and settlers, as did the Sokoto state government,” the reports said.
It also recommended that the state govern-ment should ensure that future local government elections are credible, free and fair, and that winners are duly declared.
“Modify the structure of the Jos North LGA to make the local council more representative of the desires of all the communities to foster a sense of community and belonging,” the report said.
It also called on the Federal Government to publish reports of previous commissions of inquiry and the Presidential Advisory Committee on the Jos crisis, including various white papers, and implement recommendations promoting principles of political inclusiveness, fairness, equity and justice.