Millions of children in today's world undergo the worst forms of child labor which includes Child Slavery, Child prostitution, Child Trafficking, Child Soldiers. In modern era of material and technological advancement, children in almost every country are being callously exploited. The official figure of child laborers world wide is 13 million. But the actual number is much higher.
Child labor is also evident in Nigeria, where the overall prevalence of child labor was 64.5%: 68.6% among primary and 50.3% among secondary school pupils. All of these children were of low socio-economic status and/or of poorly educated. Child labor was also significantly associated with increasing number of children in the family size. It is vastly assumed that in the long run, child labor will not help promote and aid economic growth.
The stunning fact is that in the present, child labor does not really increase or decrease economic growth, but really is just stabilizing it. About 60% of the Nigerian population lives at or below the poverty line and the average income per day is $1. If the two parents are the only members of the family who are working, for say three or four children, $2 a day four will not sufficiently provide for needs of the entire family.
Pending from these reasons, employing children is necessary in order to survive. This though can only work economically for the present. Because Nigeria is not yet a totally developed country, they need as many diverse resources as they can muster on, because opposite to what the government claims, Nigeria can not stand to afford to just simply focus on oil exportation alone. The country's industries and economy needs to be diversified, and the only way this can be achieved is through educating children, especially in the areas of science, technology, business, and healthcare.
The most important thing is to increase awareness and keep discussing ways and means to check this problem. We have to decide whether we are going to take up the problem head-on and fight it any way we can or leave it to the adults who might not be there when things go out of hand.