According to reports released by the UN, the population of Nigeria as at 2017 is estimated to be 190.4 million. According to forecasts, this figure will rise to 194 million by 2018. Births are expected to exceed deaths by up to 5.1 million, which denotes a positive increase. However, it is also expected that the population will decrease due to migration; in the previous year, the number of people leaving the country was higher than the number of those visiting. In this article, we will review the latest published data on the population of Nigeria by states.
Nigeria population by state
The latest information on all 36 states in Nigeria was collected in 2006. According to latest Census, the following list shows the figures in millions for each region:
- Kano - 9.3 mln people;
- Lagos - 9 mln people;
- Kaduna - 6 mln people;
- Katsina - 5.7 mln people;
- Oyo - 5.5 mln people;
- Rivers - 5.1 mln people;
- Bauchi - 4.6 mln people;
- Jigawa - 4.3 mln people;
- Benue - 4.2 mln people;
- Anambra - 4.1 mln people;
- Borno - 4.1 mln people;
- Delta - 4 mln people;
- Niger - 3.9 mln people;
- Imo- 3.9 mln people;
- Akwa ibom - 3.9 mln people;
- Ogun - 3.7 mln people;
- Sokoto - 3.6 mln people;
- Ondo - 3.4 mln people;
- Osun - 3.4 mln people;
- Kogi- 3.2 mln people;
- Zamfara - 3.2 mln people;
- Enugu- 3.2 mln people;
- Kebbi- 3.2 mln people;
- Edo- 3.2 mln people;
- Plateau - 3.1 mln people;
- Adamawa - 3.1 mln people;
- Cross river - 2.8 mln people;
- Abia- 2.8 mln people;
- Ekiti - 2.3 mln people;
- Kwara - 2.3 mln people;
- Gombe - 2.3 mln people;
- Yobe - 2.3 mln people;
- Taraba - 2.3 mln people;
- Ebonyi - 2.1 mln people;
- Nasarawa - 1.8 mln people;
- Bayelsa - 1.7 mln people;
Federal capital territory- 1.4 mln people.
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Top 10 of most populated states in Nigeria
Here is a detailed report on the most populated regions of the country; this information is based on data collected by different sources and not based on an official census. An official census was supposed to take place in 2016, however the exercise was postponed to 2018 due to the crisis in the country.
- The most populated state in Nigeria is Lagos. The population of Lagos is 21 million Nigerians. This region has long been the most densely populated in the country, but was second to Kano in 2006. In 2012 the figure was estimated to be 7.68 million people but the state government claimed that the figure had reached 17.5 and called for a review of the report; investigations into the matter revealed that the organizations involved in the calculations were found to be unreliable. Lagos currently has a population of 21.6 million Nigerians and has the title of the largest region in Africa in terms of population. In addition, it is the 2nd fast-growing city on the continent and the 7th in the world.
- Kano is the former most populated state in the country; it currently has a population of 14 million. In 2011, this figure was estimated to be 11 million.
- Oyo state has a population of 15 million Nigerians this year. In 2007, their population was 6.6 million.
- The population of Kaduna state is currently 12 million.
- Rivers state has a population of 10.6 million.
- Katsina has a population of 10.1 million.
- Bauchi has a population of about 9 million.
- Anambra is the most populated state in the South East, with a population of 8.3 million Nigerians.
- Jigawa has a population of 8.1 million people.
- Benue State is last on this list with 7.99 million.
Other useful demographic data
If you want to find out more interesting info about your country, consider this data released by countrymeters.info:
- On average, 20.9 thousand Nigerians are born and 6.9 thousand die daily.
- The population of the country increases by 13.8 thousand persons per day.
- The rate of population growth in comparison with the previous year is 2.67%.
- In 2016, births were more than deaths by 4.99 million people.
- There are more men in the country (95.9 million) than women (93.5 million). The ratio is 1.026:1. This is quite an atypical situation for global practice. In 2016, the world recorded a ratio of 1.016/1.
- An average of 205.2 citizens live on every square kilometer of Nigerian land according to reports in October 2017. This figure was obtained by dividing the total population by the area of Nigeria (923.22 thousand square kilometers according to UN statistics). During calculations, both land and water surface areas related to national boundaries were taken into account.
- According to statistics, there are very few elderly people in the country. The percentage of people older than 65 years is 3.1%, while that of people aged 15 to 64 is 55.9%. Also, in Nigeria, 40.9% of the population are children under 15 years old.
- As for elderly, women tend to live longer than the men. The ratio of men and women over 65 is 2.8: 3. For the remaining two categories the male gender is more numerous.
- A large number of people of working age and children are obvious proof that Nigeria is a developing country. A low life expectancy indicates certain problems that exist in our state like low standard of living and a poorly developed health sector.
- The average life expectancy of Nigerian citizens is 47.6 years (46.8 for men and 48.4 for women). This indicator is not impressive, especially since the world average is 71 years according to the UN.
- Only 59.6% of citizens over 15 years are able to write and read, the rest are illiterates. Men (69.19%) are more educated than women (49.68%). As for the younger generation of people aged 15-24, 72.8% of them are literate.
We hope that this information was interesting and useful to you. The chances of an increase in population is encouraging, but the state authorities need to work hard to create a safe living environment for the elderly people and deal with medical issues, so that life expectancy can increase.
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