What do you know about the Bight of Biafra history? Find out why this place is so important in Nigerian history and occupies a significant position during the war between Nigerians and Biafra.
The Bight of Biafra can also be recognized as the Bight of Bonny. You can find this place on the West coast of the African peninsula. It acts as a part of the Guinean gulf. The Bight of Biafra is situated between Niger River and near Cape Lopez.
Among the Basin countries are - Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and Gabon.
This Biafra region was famous for its cities, Bonny and Old Calabar. They acted as major trading centers. These were used as venues for Transatlantic slave trading.
Bight of Biafra History
• In 1849 Britain took Biafra Bight under their colonial protectorate.
• Later Biafra Bight protectorate was combined with Benin ward.
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• It finally became a part of Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.
• In 1972, Bight of Biafra was renamed by the Nigerian government in order to avoid the usage of the secessionist name.
Nigerian civil war and Biafra
On the 26th of July in 1967, Nigerian troops seized oil fields on the island of Bonny, 30 kilometers from Port Harcourt. As a result, Biafra lost the main source of foreign exchange earnings. Biafrans tried to recapture Bonny, but without success. Port Harcourt was blocked by federal forces.
On the 10th of July, Biafrians bombed Makurdi airfield and the frigate called 'Nigeria', which blocked Port Harcourt from the sea. Finally, Biafra Air Force raided the positions of government troops along the Niger River.
Biafra today isn’t a country anymore, but Biafra people still live all around the globe. Indigenous people want to raise the question of independence once more. We have to wait and see if their goal will be possible.
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