- The civil war which saw the Nigerian federal troops opposing Biafra secessionist fighting for independence is estimated to have killed between one and two milllion people
- Most of the dead are said to have died from hunger and disease, from 1967 to 1970 in south-eastern Nigeria
NAIJ.com in the photos below brings you images from the 30 months fratricidal war that engulfed Nigeria some 50 years ago.
Moise, 14 (L) and Ferdinand, 16 (R), two children soldiers of the Biafran army during a discussion in Umuahia on August 31, 1968.
During the Biafran war, civilians unload a ferry that carries relief between Calabar and Oron on September 09, 1968.
In the photo, Biafran children can be seen sitting in a plane chartered by the International Red Cross (ICRC) and humanitarian organisation “Terre des Hommes”. The plane transported them to Libreville, Gabon, on October 02, 1968 after their evacuation from Biafra.
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Photo of a wounded Nigerian army soldier being carried by his comrades on the pannier rack of a bicycle on December 07, 1968 in the bush at Ekim near Itu, during the war.
Below is a picture of wounded soldiers of the Nigerian Federal Army while waiting for a plane that will transport them to Port Harcourt for treatment on December 11, 1968 in Urua Inyang, during the war.
On July 24, 1967, European families prepare to be evacuated by boat from Port Harcourt during the war.
A photo of young militia women of the civil defence during a parade at a military training on August 17, 1967, in Enugu
The photo below shows Biafran prisoners and civilians wait at the federal camp of Nakurdi on November 01, 1967 in Enugu after fightings during the Biafran war.
The photo below shows a view of the destroyed prison of Calabar on November 13, 1967 after the federal troops took the city from the Biafran rebellion.
Two Nigerian federal army officers after their execution by the Biafran army, on July 02, 1968 during the war. / AFP PHOTO / Colin HAYNES
Starving children pose in a refugee camp near Aba, on August 06, 1968 during the Biafran war. / AFP PHOTO.
In the photo below, Nigerian federal army soldiers (R), prisoners of the Biafran army, wait to be questioned, on August 08, 1968 near Ikot Ekpene during the war. / AFP PHOTO /
Photo of civilians fleeing Aba to go to Umuahia on August 28, 1968 as the Nigerian federal troops advance toward the city during the Biafran war.
NAIJ.com reported that in recent times, there has been a renewed agitation for the Republic of Biafra by members of the Movement for the Actualisation of Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB).
Nearly 50 years after the Biafran War (July 6, 1967 – January 15, 1970) which almost destroyed the unity of Nigeria, its agitators have refused to give up the struggle.
This struggle by some Igbo people to secede from Nigeria started when on May 30, 1967, late Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, a military officer and politician announced a breakaway of the Eastern Region under the new name Republic of Biafra.
This subsequently sparked the Nigerian civil war also known as the Biafran war. The war was between the then Eastern Region of Nigeria and the rest of the country.
The war was fought to reunify the country.